Does fuselage include wings?
The fuselage is the large outer shell that encompasses an airplane’s main body. On the sides of the fuselage are the wings, whereas the front contains the cockpit and the rear contains the tail. Combined with the landing gear, these are the basic components of a typical airplane.
What is fuselage structure?
1 Fuselage. The fuselage is a long cylindrical shell, closed at its ends, which carries the internal payload. The dominant type of fuselage structure is semimonocoque construction. These structures provide better strength-to-weight ratios for the central portion of the body of an airplane than monocoque construction.
What are the 2 different structures for a fuselage?
The predominant types of fuselage structures are the monocoque (i.e., kind of construction in which the outer skin bears a major part or all of the stresses) and semimonocoque. These structures provide better strength-to-weight ratios for the fuselage covering than the truss-type construction used in earlier planes.
What are the 3 different types of fuselage construction?
The three most comon types of fuselage are:
- Truss or framework type: This consists of light gauge steel tubes which form a frame triangular shape to give the most rigid of geometric forms.
- Monocoque Construction: ‘Monocoque’ is a French word meaning ‘single shell’.
- Semi-Monocoque Construction.
How wings are attached to fuselage?
The wings are attached to the main fuselage body using a lug. The bending moment and shear loads from wing to the fuselage structure is transferred through the lug structure. The attachment is done by series of pinned lug between wing side of wing box and fuselage.
Does the shape of the fuselage matter?
As with most other parts of the airplane, the shape of the fuselage is normally determined by the mission of the aircraft. A supersonic fighter plane has a very slender, streamlined fuselage to reduce the drag associated with high speed flight. An airliner has a wider fuselage to carry the maximum number of passengers.
How is fuselage joined?
First, a series of frames in the shape of the fuselage cross sections are held in position on a rigid fixture. These frames are then joined with lightweight longitudinal elements called stringers. These are in turn covered with a skin of sheet aluminum, attached by riveting or by bonding with special adhesives.
Why is it called a fuselage?
The word fuselage comes from the Latin fusus, or “spindle,” which describes the shape of the central tube-shaped part of an airplane. Wings, tails, engines — these are all extra parts of the plane that attach to the fuselage.
What are the three positions of wings on the fuselage?
The wing may be mounted at various positions relative to the fuselage:
- Low wing: mounted near or below the bottom of the fuselage.
- Mid wing: mounted approximately halfway up the fuselage.
- Shoulder wing: mounted on the upper part or “shoulder” of the fuselage, slightly below the top of the fuselage.
Why is a fuselage shaped the way it is?
The fuselage is hollow to reduce weight. As with most other parts of the airplane, the shape of the fuselage is normally determined by the mission of the aircraft. A supersonic fighter plane has a very slender, streamlined fuselage to reduce the drag associated with high speed flight.
What are the three fundamental wing designs?
In general, wing construction is based on one of three fundamental designs:
- Box beam.