How many fleets came to Australia?

How many fleets came to Australia?

Local councils announce a range of activities with nary a mention of why the date has been chosen, the arrival of all 11 ships of the First Fleet in Sydney Cove in 1788.

How many convicts were on the 2nd Fleet?

1006 convicts

What were the 11 ships in the First Fleet?

The First Fleet’s 11 ships comprised two Royal Navy escort ships, the HMS Sirius and HMS Supply, six convict transports, the Alexander, Charlotte, Friendship, Lady Penrhyn, Prince of Wales and the Scarborough, and three store ships, the Borrowdale, Fishburn and Golden Grove.

How many sailors were on the First Fleet?

Australia’s “First Fleet” was a group of 11 ships and about 1,400 people who established the first European settlements in Botany Bay and Sydney. On May 13, 1787, a group of over 1,400 people in 11 ships set sail from Portsmouth, England.

Who was the most famous convict?

Top 5 Famous Australian Convicts

  1. Francis Greenway. Francis Greenway arrived in Sydney in 1814.
  2. Mary Wade. The youngest ever convict to be transported to Australia at the age of 11.
  3. John ‘Red’ Kelly. John Kelly was sent to Tasmania for seven years for stealing two pigs, apparently.
  4. Mary Bryant.
  5. Frank the Poet.

What was the biggest ship in the first fleet?

Alexander, weighing in at 452 tons, 114 ft long and 31 ft at the beam, the Alexander was commanded by Master Duncan Sinclair. She carried 192 male convicts and was the largest ship in the fleet.

How many died on the First Fleet?

48 deaths

How many babies were born on the first fleet?

50 children

Did any of the First Fleet ships sink?

At midday on 19 March 1790 HMS Sirius, flagship of the First Fleet, was wrecked on the coral reef off Slaughter Bay. Since the First Fleet’s arrival in 1788 both communities had lived not far from starvation. In late 1788 Captain John Hunter, master of the Sirius had taken her on a voyage to Cape Town for supplies.

How did convicts die?

Many of the convicts who were sent to New South Wales in the early years were already disease ridden and many died from typhoid and cholera in the dreadful conditions on the ships. Those that survived were severely weakened by scurvy, dysentery and fever. Convicts were taken aboard in chains and shackles.

Why was the Second Fleet called the death Fleet?

It’s no surprise the Second Fleet was known as ‘The Death Fleet. Of 928 male convicts on Neptune, Scarborough and Surprize, 26 per cent died on the voyage and nearly 40 per cent were dead within months of their arrival in the colony. This shocking mortality rate was nearly ten times that of the First Fleet voyage.

Who was the youngest girl on the First Fleet?

Elizabeth Hayward

How old was the youngest person on the First Fleet?

John Hudson, described as ‘sometimes a chimney sweeper’, was the youngest known convict to sail with the First Fleet. Voyaging on board the Friendship to NSW, the boy thief was 13 years old on arrival at Sydney Cove. He was only nine when first sentenced.

What happened to Elizabeth Hayward?

Elizabeth (Haywood) Lowe was buried on 29 October 1836 in the Church of England Cemetery in Cypress Street Launceston.

Why was Elizabeth Hayward a convict?

1773–1836) Elizabeth Hayward (1773-1836), a clog maker, was found guilty on 10 January 1787 at the Old Bailey, London, of stealing a linen gown, silk bonnet, and a cloak from the man to whom she was apprenticed.

What happened to Elizabeth Haywards parents?

Zoe wrote – Elizabeth Hayward, her parents died leaving her and her little brother, Nicolas, she was convicted of stealing and sent to Australia and worked as a servant. Transportation Register: Convicted 10 January 1787 for 7 years at the Middlesex Gaol Delivery.

Where is Elizabeth Hayward from?

Stepney, London

Did Elizabeth Hayward get married?

Elizabeth Tarr married William Hayward on month day 1814, at marriage place.

How many crew members were on the HMS Sirius?


Who were the convicts on the First Fleet?

List of convicts on the First Fleet

  • Alexander.
  • Charlotte.
  • Friendship.
  • Lady Penrhyn.
  • Prince of Wales.
  • Scarborough.

What is the death Fleet?

In June 1790 the Second Fleet, known as the ‘Death Fleet’, arrived with enough supplies to end the famine. The first ship that docked in two and a half years was the convict ship Lady Julian with 226 female convicts. When the ship docked, some were unable even to walk off the ship.

Where is the US Navy 2nd Fleet?

United States Second Fleet
Role Combat & Maritime Operations, Security Cooperation Activities, and Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Response
Part of U.S. Fleet Forces Command (COMUSFLTCOM)
Garrison/HQ Naval Support Activity Hampton Roads, Virginia, U.S.

How many ships are in the third fleet?

11 ships

How big is the 3rd Fleet?

approximately fifty million square miles

Is the 7th Fleet?

The Seventh Fleet is a numbered fleet of the United States Navy. It is headquartered at U.S. Fleet Activities Yokosuka, in Yokosuka, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan….

United States Seventh Fleet
Nickname(s) ‘Tonkin Gulf Yacht Club’ (Vietnam War)
Commander VADM William R. Merz

How big is the 6th Fleet?

Sixth Fleet has consisted of up to 40 ships, 175 aircraft and 21,000 people, such as in early 2003, when two carrier battle groups operated in the Mediterranean during Operation Iraqi Freedom.