Was the Enlightenment radical or gradual?
The radical enlightenment, inspired by the philosophy of Spinoza, advocated democracy, individual liberty, freedom of expression, and eradication of religious authority.
What new political ideas did the Enlightenment develop?
The Enlightenment, a philosophical movement that dominated in Europe during the 18th century, was centered around the idea that reason is the primary source of authority and legitimacy, and advocated such ideals as liberty, progress, tolerance, fraternity, constitutional government, and separation of church and state.
What does the Enlightenment say about equality?
Although they did eventually inspire the struggles for rights of people of color, women, or the working masses, most Enlightenment thinkers did not advocate equality for all, regardless of race, gender, or class, but rather insisted that rights and freedoms were not hereditary (the heredity of power and rights was a …
Did the Enlightenment promote equality?
The Enlightenment advanced ideals of liberty, freedom and equality. This was an extremely progressive movement. Ideas of enlightenment spread through Salons where discussions and debates took place amongst intellectuals. The Enlightenment promoted the importance of science over religious orthodoxy.
What rights did the Enlightenment thinkers value?
Enlightenment thinkers wanted to improve human conditions on earth rather than concern themselves with religion and the afterlife. These thinkers valued reason, science, religious tolerance, and what they called “natural rights”—life, liberty, and property.
What are the long lasting effects of the Enlightenment on Europe?
The successes of the Scientific Revolution gave people the confidence that human reason could solve social problems. During the Enlightenment, people began to question openly their religious beliefs and the teachings of the church.
Did Enlightenment thinkers believe in God?
These thinkers agreed with deists that there was a kind of “natural religion,” basic truths about God and morality accessible to reasoning people. Natural religion was not a rival or alternative, however, to revealed religion. It was a prelude, a necessary but insufficient foundation for belief.
What is the relation between Christianity and the Enlightenment thinkers?
Christian ideas also affected Enlightenment thinking. Most of the thinkers continued to believe in God. They saw human progress as a sign of God’s goodness. Often their approach to moral problems reflected Christian values, such as respect for others and for a moral law.
What did Enlightenment thinkers believe about progress?
The Idea of Progress It also made the notion of progress a central concern of Enlightenment thought. Condorcet argued that expanding knowledge in the natural and social sciences would lead to an ever more just world of individual freedom, material affluence, and moral compassion.