What are the basic legislative institutions of the EU?

What are the basic legislative institutions of the EU?

EU Institutions

  • European Council. The European Council brings together the heads of state or government of every EU countr and decides on the political direction of the EU.
  • Council of the European Union.
  • European Commission.
  • European Parliament.
  • European Court of Justice.
  • Court of Auditors.
  • European Ombudsman.

Which EU institutions are involved in the ordinary legislative procedure?

Almost all institutions of the European Union have a formal or informal role in the Ordinary Legislative Procedure (OLP). The European Commission, Council of Ministers and European Parliament are the main actors.

How do EU institutions work?

The institutions of the European Union form the framework for co-operation between the 27 member states. The European Commission is the only one that can initiate legislation. It submits its proposals to the European Parliament and the Council of Ministers, to be approved or rejected.

How is EU governed?

The EU is governed by the principle of representative democracy, with citizens directly represented at EU level in the European Parliament and Member States represented in the European Council and the Council of the EU. Citizens can also submit complaints and enquiries concerning the application of EU law.

Which EU institutions are involved in the adoption of EU legislation?

Law-making The European Parliament, the Council of the European Union and the European Commission are the main institutions involved in EU legislation. Together, these three institutions produce the policies and laws that apply throughout the EU.

Which EU institutions are involved in the adoption of EU legislation under the ordinary legislative procedure and what role do they play in the legislative process?

Most legislation needs to be proposed by the European Commission and approved by the Council of the European Union and European Parliament to become law.

Which institution initiates most European Union legislation?

the European Commission
A Member of the European Parliament, working in one of the parliamentary committees, draws up a report on a proposal for a ‘legislative text’ presented by the European Commission, the only institution empowered to initiate legislation.

What are the main objectives of the European Union?

The aims and values of the EU

  • To promote peace and the well-being of EU citizens.
  • To offer EU citizens freedom, security and justice, without internal borders, while also controlling external borders.
  • To work towards the sustainable development of Europe, promoting equality and social justice.

What is an EU legislative act?

It involves the joint adoption by the European Parliament and the Council of a European Commission proposal for a Regulation, Directive or Decision (Article 289(1) TFEU). The procedure for adopting legislative acts under the OLP is set out in Article 294 of the TFEU.

What are the main elements of the EU legislative procedure?

Main elements of the procedure: The European Commission submits a proposal to the Council and the European Parliament The Council and the Parliament adopt a legislative proposal either at the first reading or at the second reading If the two institutions do not reach an agreement after the second reading a conciliation committee is convened

How is legislation adopted in the European Union?

The European Union adopts legislation through a variety of legislative procedures. The procedure used for a given legislative proposal depends on the policy area in question. Most legislation needs to be proposed by the European Commission and approved by the Council of the European Union and European Parliament in order to become law.

What is the legislative initiative of the European Commission?

The Commission has the legislative initiative. However, under the Treaty of Maastricht enhanced by the Lisbon Treaty, the European Parliament has a right of legislative initiative that allows it to ask the Commission to submit a proposal. According to the Treaty, the Commission shall initiate the Union´s annual and multiannual programming.

What is the consultation procedure for EU legislation?

Before the Single European Act the Consultation procedure was the most widely used legislative procedure in the then European Community. Consultation is still used for legislation concerning internal market exemptions and competition law.