What does it mean to treat citizens equally under the law?
Equality before the law
What does Constitution say about equality?
The Constitution says that the government shall not deny to any person in India equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws. It means that the laws apply in the same manner to all, regardless of a person’s status. This is called the rule of law. Rule of law is the foundation of any democracy.
How many articles are there in right to equality?
14 – 18
What is right to freedom of religion?
Freedom of religion or religious liberty is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or community, in public or private, to manifest religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship, and observance. Freedom of religion is considered by many people and most nations to be a fundamental human right.
What are three constitutional limitations to the right to freedom of expression?
Freedom of speech and expression, therefore, may not be recognized as being absolute, and common limitations or boundaries to freedom of speech relate to libel, slander, obscenity, pornography, sedition, incitement, fighting words, classified information, copyright violation, trade secrets, food labeling, non- …
What was Article 31?
Article 31 provided that “no person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law.” It also provided that compensation would be paid to a person whose property has been taken for public purposes. The 44th Amendment of 1978 removed the right to property from the list of fundamental rights.
What are the 7 fundamental rights of India?
Seven fundamental rights were originally provided by the Constitution – the right to equality, right to freedom, right against exploitation, right to freedom of religion, cultural and educational rights, right to property and right to constitutional remedies.
What is the meaning Constitution?
A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles or established precedents that constitute the legal basis of a polity, organisation or other type of entity and commonly determine how that entity is to be governed.
Which are fundamental rights?
The Constitution guarantees six fundamental rights to Indian citizens as follows: (i) right to equality, (ii) right to freedom, (iii) right against exploitation, (iv) right to freedom of religion, (v) cultural and educational rights, and (vi) right to constitutional remedies.
What is in the Constitution of India?
The Constitution of India (IAST: Bhāratīya Saṃvidhāna) is the supreme law of India. The document lays down the framework that demarcates fundamental political code, structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and the duties of citizens.
What is the last amendment in Indian Constitution?
One Hundred and Fourth Amendment of the Constitution of India
|The Constitution (One Hundred and Fourth Amendment) Act, 2019|
|Passed||12 December 2019|
|Assented to||21 January 2020|
|Commenced||25 January 2020|
What is socialism in Indian Constitution?
The word socialist was added to the Preamble of the Indian Constitution by the 42nd amendment act of 1976, during the Emergency. It implies social and economic equality. Social equality in this context means the absence of discrimination on the grounds only of caste, colour, creed, sex, religion, or language.
How many laws are there in Indian Constitution?
As of January 2017, there were about 1,248 laws. However, since there are Central laws as well as State laws, it is difficult to ascertain their exact numbers as on a given date and the best way to find the Central Laws in India is from the official websites.
What was the very first law?
An Act to regulate the Time and Manner of administering certain Oaths was the first law passed by the United States Congress after the ratification of the U.S. Constitution. It was signed by President George Washington on June 1, 1789, and parts of it remain in effect to this day.
Where is the Code of Hammurabi located?
|Code of Hammurabi|
|The Louvre stele|
|Created||c. 1755–1750 BC (middle chronology)|
|Location||The Louvre (originally Sippar, found at Susa, Iran) Replicas: various|
|Author(s)||King Hammurabi of Babylon|
Would you say that Hammurabi was just a king?
Hammurabi was an Amorite First Dynasty king of the city-state of Babylon, and inherited the power from his father, Sin-Muballit, in c. 1792 BC. The kings who came before Hammurabi had founded a relatively minor City State in 1894 BC, which controlled little territory outside of the city itself.
What form of writing was used in Mesopotamia?