What was Alexander Stephens role in the Civil War?
Alexander Hamilton Stephens (1812-1883) served as vice president of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War (1861-65). At the outset of the Civil War Stephens was elected to the Confederate Congress and chosen as the vice president of the Confederate States of America.
How were Alexander Stephens views different than those of other Confederate leaders?
Alexander Stephens didn’t want the South to leave the United States, and he tried to keep his home state of Georgia from abandoning ship. Once the war began, he disagreed mightily with the Confederate president and despised wartime measures like mandatory service. He even pushed for peace.
What happened to Alexander Stephens after the Civil War?
After the war, Stephens was imprisoned until October 1865. The following year, the Georgia legislature elected Stephens to the United States Senate, but the Senate declined to seat him due to his role in the Civil War. Stephens served as governor until his death in March 1883.
How tall was Alexander Stephens?
Why did Stephens say the Southern states needed to secede?
Stephens, the Confederate vice president and one of the most perceptive and brightest men in the Confederate government, forcefully set out the reasons for secession and the creation of the Confederacy in his famous “Cornerstone Speech.” Here, Stephens tied slavery to race, making clear that the cornerstone of the …
Why did the South secede and form the Confederacy What were their goals?
Many maintain that the primary cause of the war was the Southern states’ desire to preserve the institution of slavery. Others minimize slavery and point to other factors, such as taxation or the principle of States’ Rights.
What were the founding principles of the Confederacy?
The Confederates built an explicitly white-supremacist, pro-slavery, and antidemocratic nation-state, dedicated to the principle that all men are not created equal.
What military action started the American Civil War?
At 4:30 a.m. on April 12, 1861, Confederate troops fired on Fort Sumter in South Carolina’s Charleston Harbor. Less than 34 hours later, Union forces surrendered. Traditionally, this event has been used to mark the beginning of the Civil War.
Who became president of the United States in 1861?