Where did the name Tonga come from?

Where did the name Tonga come from?

Etymology. In many Polynesian languages, including Tongan, the word tonga comes from fakatonga, which means “southwards”, and the archipelago is so named because it is the southernmost group among the island groups of central Polynesia.

Who found Tonga?

The first Europeans arrived in 1616, when the Dutch explorers Willem Schouten and Jacob Le Maire spotted Tongans in a canoe off the coast of Niuatoputapu, and the famous Abel Tasman followed soon after.

How was Tonga created?

They were created from the subduction of the western-moving Pacific plate under the Australia-India plate at the Tonga Trench. The Tongan Islands sit on the Australia-India plate just west of the Tonga Trench. These volcanoes are formed when materials in the descending Pacific plate heat and rise to the surface.

What country took over Tonga?

The Tongan islands were united in 1845 under King George Tupou I and became a constitutional monarchy in 1875. Although Tonga was recognized by the United States in 1886, it entered into a protectorship agreement with the British Empire in 1900.

What is the most common animal in Tonga?

For more wildlife talk, take a look at A Traveller’s Guide to Wildlife in Tonga.

  • Red Shining Parrot.
  • Tongan Whistler.
  • Golden Orb Web Spider.
  • White-tailed Tropicbird.
  • Pacific Black Duck.
  • White-collared Kingfisher.
  • Turtles.
  • Pigs. Finally, an introduced species and probably the most-seen species in Tonga are pigs!

When should I go to Tonga?

Depending on the islands, the best time to visit Tonga is between May to October, except for the peak months of July and August. This is the best time for outdoor activities, water sports, and scoring good deals on hotels. The best time to visit Tonga is from May to October. Best Time to Visit: May to October.

What is the coldest temperature in Tonga?

In fact, warm clothes were occasionally required from June to August so plan your Tonga travel accordingly. However, the lowest temperature on record is 8.7°C on the September 8, 1994 in Fua’amotu.

What is the soil like in Tonga?

Tonga is fortunate in being endowed with a good climate for agriculture and with fertile soils. The islands are of volcanic and coral origin. The soils of Tonga comprise two main soil types: a clay soil and a sandy soil (tou’one).

What is the largest city in Tonga?

Nuku’alofa

What are natural resources in Tonga?

Tonga’s natural resources include fish, fertile soil, and agricultural crops such as bananas, coffee and vanilla beans, coconuts, squash, black pepper, ginger, and copra.

What are the natural resources of Tuvalu?

Tuvalu
Major Natural Resources Like other island countries, Tuvalu does not enjoy a variety of natural resources. Its small size does not lend itself to diverse landscapes. As a result, fish is the primary natural resource for Tuvalu. However, its nine coral atolls have enough soil to grow coconuts.

What are the natural resources of Vanuatu?

Vanuatu. The main natural resources of this island country are manganese, hardwood forests, and fish.

What are natives of Vanuatu called?

The indigenous population, called ni-Vanuatu, is overwhelmingly Melanesian, though some of the outlying islands have Polynesian populations. There are also small minorities of Europeans, Micronesians, Chinese, and Vietnamese.

What continent does Vanuatu belong to?

Oceania

Which sea is Vanuatu in?

Vanuatu is a double chain of 13 principal and many smaller islands in the south-western Pacific Ocean. The islands are volcanic and coral in origin. They lie about 800 kilometres west of Fiji and nearly 1800 kilometres east of Australia. Around 65 of the islands are inhabited.