Who was tried during the Nuremberg trials quizlet?
The Nuremberg Trials were held for the purpose of bringing Nazi war criminals to justice. The Nazi War Criminals killed 6 million european Jews and 4 to 6 million non-jews. The point of the trials was for the Nazi’s to be tried for their crimes not immediately executed.
Who is tried at Nuremberg why what was the result?
The IMT indicted the defendants on charges of crimes against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. Three of the four judges were needed for conviction. In the end, 12 defendants were sentenced to death, among them Joachim von Ribbentrop, Hans Frank, Alfred Rosenberg, and Julius Streicher.
What was the punishment for those found guilty during the Nuremberg trials?
In the end, the international tribunal found all but three of the defendants guilty. Twelve were sentenced to death, one in absentia, and the rest were given prison sentences ranging from 10 years to life behind bars. Ten of the condemned were executed by hanging on October 16, 1946.
What was the real significance of the Nuremberg trials?
The first international war crimes tribunal in history revealed the true extent of German atrocities and held some of the most prominent Nazis accountable for their crimes.
What was the legal basis for the Nuremberg trials?
The legal basis for the trial was established by the London Charter, which was agreed upon by the four so-called Great Powers on 8 August 1945, and which restricted the trial to “punishment of the major war criminals of the European Axis countries”.
What does the Declaration of Helsinki state?
The World Medical Association has developed the Declaration of Helsinki as a statement of ethical principles to provide guidance to physicians and other participants in medical research involving human subjects.
What is the most recent Declaration of Helsinki?
The Declaration of Helsinki (DoH) is the World Medical Association’s (WMA) best-known policy statement. The first version was adopted in 1964 and has been amended seven times since, most recently at the General Assembly in October 2013.
Why is the Declaration of Helsinki important?
The Declaration is an important document in the history of research ethics as it is the first significant effort of the medical community to regulate research itself, and forms the basis of most subsequent documents.
When and why was the Declaration of Helsinki created?
Introduction. The Declaration of Helsinki is a statement outlining the ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects that was initially adopted by the 18th Assembly of the World Medical Association in Helsinki, Finland in June 1964.
What is the key principle of the Nuremberg Code?
Medical Ethics and Human Rights These principles, which we know as the Nuremberg Code, included a new, comprehensive, and absolute requirement of informed consent (principle 1), and a new right of the subject to withdraw from participation in an experiment (principle 9).
What led to Belmont Report?
The Belmont Report was written in response to the infamous Tuskegee Syphilis Study, in which African Americans with syphilis were lied to and denied treatment for more than 40 years. Many people died as a result, infected others with the disease, and passed congenital syphilis onto their children.
What are the 3 principles of ethics?
Three basic principles, among those generally accepted in our cultural tradition, are particularly relevant to the ethics of research involving human subjects: the principles of respect of persons, beneficence and justice.
What are the two ethical convictions of Belmont Report?
The Belmont Report states that “respect for persons incorporates at least two ethical convictions: first, that individuals should be treated as autonomous agents, and second, that persons with diminished autonomy are entitled to protection.