Why did the Black Death cause the Peasants Revolt?
No peasants could be paid more than the wages paid in 1346. No peasants could leave the village they belonged to. This created great anger amongst the peasants which was to boil over in 1381 with the Peasants Revolt. Hence, it can be argued that the Black Death, at least in part, led to the Peasants’ Revolt.
What were the three main causes of the Peasants Revolt?
Causes of the revolt
- The Statute of Labourers 1351. This was a law passed at the end of the Black Death to stop the peasants taking advantage of the shortage of workers and demanding more money.
- Prices. Prices had risen since the Black Death.
- The young king.
- The Poll Tax.
- John Ball and the Church.
What were the peasants demands in 1381?
Whipped up by the preaching of radical priest John Ball, they were demanding that all men should be free and equal; for less harsh laws; and a fairer distribution of wealth. Soon both Essex and Kent were in revolt. The rebels coordinated their tactics by letter.
What were the outcomes of the Peasants Revolt?
The consequences of the revolt were, therefore, limited, but the poll tax was abandoned, restrictions on labour wages were not strictly enforced, and peasants continued the trend of buying their freedom from serfdom and becoming independent farmers.
What happened on the 15th June 1381?
On 15 June 1381, Tyler and his Kentish forces met with King Richard at Smithfield, outside London. Tyler attacked Newton, but was restrained and arrested by the Lord Mayor of London, William Walworth. Tyler then attempted to stab the mayor, who was saved by his armour.
Why were the peasants unhappy about the poll tax?
The government raised Poll Taxes in 1377 and again in 1379. It is believed that many villein’s feared that the rights and pay that had been acquired following the Black Death could be taken away from them. As taxes were being increased, there was reason to believe that their liberties could be restricted again.
What happened to the heads of the rebels?
Whilst this meeting was taking place however, some of the rebels marched on the Tower of London and murdered Simon Sudbury, the Archbishop of Canterbury and Robert Hales, the Treasurer – their heads were cut off on Tower Hill.
What did the king say to the rebels?
The king’s attitude towards the rebels is well known. “Rustics you were and rustics you are still,” the chronicler Thomas Walsingham reports him saying later to an Essex deputation seeking confirmation of their liberties. “You will remain in bondage, not as before but incomparably harsher.
Did the Peasants Revolt end serfdom?
The final trigger for the revolt was the intervention of a royal official, John Bampton, in Essex on 30 May 1381. The rebels sought a reduction in taxation, an end to the system of unfree labour known as serfdom, and the removal of the King’s senior officials and law courts.