Why were the Whigs called the Whigs?
Name. The term Whig was originally short for whiggamor, a term meaning “cattle driver” used to describe western Scots who came to Leith for corn.
Did northern Whigs support slavery?
Southern Whigs generally supported the Kansas-Nebraska Act, while Northern Whigs remained strongly opposed to the expansion of slavery into the territories.
Did the Whigs support western expansion?
The Whigs generally opposed westward expansion and manifest destiny. Only two Whigs, William H. Harrison, and Zachary Taylor were ever elected president on their own.
What were Cotton Whigs?
The Cotton Whigs was a conservative faction of the Whig Party that was based in the American South. The Cotton Whigs were indifferent to slavery due to their close ties to the New England textile industry, and they succeeded in nominating the slaveholding US Army general Zachary Taylor as its 1848 presidential nominee.
How did African Americans protect their dignity and family structures?
How did African Americans protect their dignity and family structures? Enslaved blacks and free African Americans created communities and strategies to protect their dignity and family structures, and they joined political efforts aimed at changing their status. Identify and describe three different abolitionists.
Why did the US transition to a more participatory democracy?
The nation’s transition to a more participatory democracy was achieved by expanding suffrage from a system based on property ownership to one based on voting by all adult white men, and it was accompanied by the growth of political parties.
What did liberal social ideas from abroad and romantic beliefs in human perfectibility influence?
C) Liberal social ideas from abroad and Romantic beliefs in human perfectibility influenced literature, art, philosophy, and architecture. Rationalism fell in response to liberal social ideas which allowed the U.S.to support reform movements, such as antislavery, and helped to create a New Culture.
What factors accompanied the nation’s transformation to a more participatory democracy?
I. The nation’s transformation to a more participatory democracy was accompanied by continued debates over federal power, the relationship between the federal government and the states, the authority of different branches of the federal government, and the rights and responsibilities of individual citizens.
What changes were caused by the market revolution?
The market revolution sparked explosive economic growth and new personal wealth, but it also created a growing lower class of property-less workers and a series of devastating depressions, called “panics.” Many Americans labored for low wages and became trapped in endless cycles of poverty.
How did American Indian resistance to expansion efforts lead to a sequence of wars?
Frontier settlers tended to champion expansion efforts, while American Indian resistance led to a sequence of wars and federal efforts to control and relocate American Indian populations. The United States’s acquisition of lands in the West gave rise to contests over the extension of slavery into new territories.
What factors led to the development of a distinctly Southern regional identity?
-The expansion of slavery in the lower South and adjacent western lands, and its gradual disappearance elsewhere, began to create distinctive regional attitudes toward the institution.
Why did the South not industrialize like the North?
The South had an extended growing season and fertile soil which lent itself to agriculture. The North, by contrast, had a short growing season, rocky soil, but more importantly had a large number of rivers and streams which could be used to operate factories.
How did the abolishment of slavery affect the economy?
Between 1850 and 1880 the market value of slaves falls by just over 100% of GDP. Former slaves would now be classified as “labor,” and hence the labor stock would rise dramatically, even on a per capita basis. Either way, abolishing slavery made America a much more productive, and hence richer country.
What was the relationship between slavery and capitalism?
The proponents of capitalism believed that free markets in goods and labor and the ability to invest money for profit would make the world a better place. This same period also saw the development of a widespread system of chattel slavery. In the Atlantic world, large numbers of people—mainly from Africa—were enslaved.
How did slavery help the industrial revolution?
Slavery provided the raw material for industrial change and growth. The growth of the Atlantic economy was an integral part of the growth of exports – for example manufactured cotton cloth was exported to Africa. The Atlantic economy can be seen as the spark for the biggest change in modern economic history.
Why did slavery decrease in the North?
By the end of the American Revolution, slavery became largely unprofitable in the North and was slowly dying out. Even in the South the institution was becoming less useful to farmers as tobacco prices fluctuated and began to drop.
What ways slaves resisted slavery?
“Day-to-day resistance” was the most common form of opposition to slavery. Breaking tools, feigning illness, staging slowdowns, and committing acts of arson and sabotage–all were forms of resistance and expression of slaves’ alienation from their masters. Running away was another form of resistance.